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Canada's Defence R &D Strategy

Canada's R & D strategy it is very difficult to discern - particularly as it applies to its Defence Strategy. Sometimes this simply means there is no articulated strategy.

Canada's R & D expenditures as a percent of GDP have been just about as poor as it's productivity growth numbers.

The Government of Canadas stated science, technology and innovation priority research areas are: environment and agriculture; health and life sciences; natural resources and energy; information and communications technologies; and advanced manufacturing. (Source)

The West has developed over time a series of "Offset Strategies" to overcome potential adversaries numerical superiority and to injected uncertainty in their minds, changing their war-fighting calculus so as to maintain the current global system which favours the democracies. Canada has a resource gap in the funding of its military capability and perhaps more seriously a technology gap that manifests itself even to the untrained eye.

Some of DND's Defence and Security Target Areas are: Autonomous Systems and Robotics, Information Management and Data Science, Human Systems Performance and Protection, Resilient Networked Systems, Explosive Hazard Avoidance, Blast Characterization and Mitigation and Next Generation Material Systems and Signatures (Source)

Defence R&D spending appears though to be thoroughly inadequate.

  Defence Research and Development Canada @DRDC_RDDC
  Institute for Research in Defence and Security Twitter: #IRDScdn
  A History of the Defence Research Board 1947 - 1977
  US Technical Information Center
  The intellectual spoils of war: How government spending on defence research benefits the private sector (December 18, 2019)
  Smart City Tech Would Make Military Bases Safer (February 19, 2016)
  NYT: China�s Intelligent Weaponry Gets Smarter (February 3, 2017)
  European Defence Agency (EDA): Preparatory Action for defence research (September 12, 2016)
  EDA Preparatory Action for defence research - 21 proposals received for Pilot Project on defence research (June 30, 2016)
  Whitehouse: OSTP: A 21st Century Science, Technology & Innovation Strategy for America�s National Security (May 31, 2015)
  Former CDN Admiral: Canada, unlike other countries, has not sat down and determined which industries are key national security assets.
  US DoD Emerging Capability & Prototyping - Four Focus Areas
  Defence Research and Development Canada and NSERC: New partnership with the Department of National Defence to support discovery research (August 2016)
  UVic - rapid deployment of acoustic element arrays (October 2016)
  DND/NSERC Discovery Grant Supplement Defence and Security Target Areas
  Final Report of the Defense Science Board (DSB) Summer Study on Autonomy (June 10, 2016)
  Robotics and Autonomous Systems Report - rethinking the playing field
  A Revolution Too Far? US Defence Innovation, Europe and NATO�s Military-Technological Gap (May 1, 2016)
  Stephen Welby, assistant secretary of Defense for research and engineering talks (May 12, 2016)
  Deputy Secretary of Defense Speech The Third U.S. Offset Strategy and its Implications for Partners and Allies (January 28, 2015)
  US DoD Science Blog
  Canada's Expenditures on research and development (R&D) performed by the business sector as a percentage of GDP.
  IRRP Report: Making Better use of Science & Technology in Policy Making (March 2016)
  IRPP Canada�s Innovation Conundrum: Five Years After the Jenkins Report (June 9, 2016)
  DoD Reorgs Silicon Valley Outpost - Google, Apple execs in new DIUx team
  Deloitte: Advanced Manufacturing Technologies Report (2016)
  Six technologies the US military is betting on (January 2016)(There are more)
  Canada's National Research Council (NRC)
  Defence and Discovery - Canada�s Military Space Program, 1945-74 (Lessons)
  The State of Science and Technology in Canada, 2012
  Council of Canadian Academics
  National Research Council (NRC) Strategy
  Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada @NSERC_CRSNG
  Canadian Institute for Advanced Studies @CIFAR_News
  Canada Excellence Research Chairs @CERC_CERC
  Canada Foundation for Innovation @InnovationCA
  Canada First Research Excellence Fund @CFREF_APOGEE
  Minister of Science Mandate Letter @ScienceMin
  Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Mandate Letter @MinisterISED
  OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard @OECD
  The Economist on Canada's innovation problem (April 30, 2016) @TheEconomist